“Speculations about contact often challenge conventional wisdom, from biology to religion.
Imagining extraterrestrials, and what they might do, irritates those most sure of an established world view.
We must reconsider what we have taken for granted.”
– Michael A.G. Michaud, Contact With Alien Civilizations
Pattern is the spatial arrangement of objects in the landscape. The objects may be arranged randomly or systematically. Typical adjectives used in describing pattern are: random, systematic, circular, oval, linear, rectangular, and curvilinear to name a few. (source: Wikipedia)
Repetition can be a tricky determiner of artificiality. It happens in nature quite often so why not on the Moon? Well for starters, “Mother Nature” doesn’t visit the Moon very often except mostly in the form of meteorites. So then the question is, when we apparently see dusty and crusty repeating solid objects such as these (both obvious and implied), what are we to make of it? “Natural” to the Moon or remnants of ancient intelligent activities?
Again we have the scenario that “Mother Nature” hasn’t been to the Moon in a very long time. So how is it then that we can see rectilinear paths, in relief to the surface when there is no known active (or effective) erosion? Is this some kind of complex structure built long ago or could it be a gigantic expression of crystal that’s been growing undisturbed for millions of years on the surface of the Moon?
Site has unique physical characteristics which might include elevation, slope, and type of surface cover. Situation refers to how the objects in the photo or image are organized and “situated” in respect to each other. Association refers to the fact that when you find a certain activity within a photo or image, you usually encounter related or “associated” features or activities.
Do you see objects in this photo that support or challenge your view?
According to Wikipedia's definition, "Confirmation bias is the tendency of people to favor information that confirms their beliefs or hypotheses. … People also tend to interpret ambiguous evidence as supporting their existing position. … people show confirmation bias because they are weighing up the costs of being wrong, rather than investigating in a neutral, scientific way. …Confirmation biases contribute to overconfidence in personal beliefs and can maintain or strengthen beliefs in the face of contrary evidence."
In other words, if you believe we are not alone in the universe, then what you will probably see in the image at left are the remains of a “city” or “industrial complex”. Your mind will skip right past all the technical difficulties of space travel and living on an airless moon and you'll "see" what appears to be structures that would support life as you know it.
If you believe we are alone in the universe either because there's no undeniable proof of aliens (past or present) or because of being told your whole life of the technological difficulties with space travel, then your mind will probably see nothing but a bunch of random rocks that happen to play tricks on the mind and appear like something more than than it is.
Early in my research (and to check my own sanity) I sought the advice of an archaeology professor who had experience in aerial archeology.
At first, I showed her some of my simpler anomalous shapes without revealing that she was looking at areas of the Moon. I then showed her some examples that were far more complex in their geometry and told her that all of these were found in the Apollo record, in photographs taken by the astronauts from orbit around the Moon.
Our conversation ended rather quickly at that point. Her final comment to me as she backed away from the computer was, “If you hadn't told me those were on the Moon, I would’ve told you they were man-made... but you can’t quote me on that.”